Affirmative


US policies toward MENA have been based on securitizing US interests in the region. However this created a climate of individual insecurity leading to structural violence.
Bilgin 04, Assistant Professor of International Relations at Bilkent University, PhD, IR, U Wales [Pinar, Whose ‘Middle East’? Geopolitical Inventions and Practices of Security, http://www.arts.yorku.ca/politics/ncanefe/docs/readings%20for%20the%20curious%20mind/ Pinar%20Bilgin%20on%20Whose%20Middle%20East.pdf,]
The significance of conceiving the relationship [...] voiced by myriad non-state actors

We stand at a crossroads – as old meta-narratives dissolve there is danger and opportunity - dominant actors are seeking to impose authoritarianism in the name of security but the discursive field has yet to be determined, our affirmative infuses deliberative ethicis into a discussion of the democracy assistance to the Arab Spring
Dryzek 06 [John S, Professor of Political Science, University of Melbourne, Deliberative Global Politics: Discourse and Democracy in a Divided World, published by Polity Press, 2006, page 22-25.]
Constructivists are correct in identifying the [...] in the name of global security.

Change needs to begin with a discursive shift in the way the US conceptualizes of international. This new approach should understand conflict is discursively constructed based on identity politics.
Dryzek 06 [John S, Professor of Political Science, University of Melbourne , Deliberative Global Politics: Discourse and Democracy in a Divided World, published by Polity Press, 2006, page 3.]
Discourses construct meaning, distinguish agents [...] ), corporations, or even terrorists.

The Amazigh population is a linguistic minority in North Africa who were forced to assimilate into the Arab-Islamic culture; they have not been internationally recognized and have been the subject of cultural and linguistic rights abuse
WACC 99World Association for Christian CommunicationWACC’s International Quarterly Journal The World Association for Christian Communication is a UK Registered Charity, It is an incorporated Charitable Organisation in Canada, The Rev. Karin Achtelstetter is the General Secretary of the WACC, Masters in Theology and Bachelor of Arts from the Friedrich-Alexander University, Erlangen, Germany as well as a Master of Arts in Women’s Studies from the University of Kent at Canterbury, England. She also has a diploma in International leadership, with a focus on organizational development, from the Craighead Institute, Glasgow and The Grubb Institute, London. http://waccglobal.org/en/19994-language-and-the-right-to-communicate/805-First-public-hearing-on-languages-and-human-rights--.html
Amazigh (Berber) language There [...] that linguistic human rights are respected.
After the Arab Spring Amazigh cultural and linguistic revivals are taking place across North Africa
Economist 11 Springtime for them too? The Berbers join the Arab revolt berbers August 11, 2011 Economist
IN MOROCCO their language has been [...] diaspora intellectuals,” says Mr Roberts.
Linguistic revivals follow a pattern of linguistic rights; but promotion of rights without understanding structural violence forces fails and minorities are still subjected to assimilation.
Stroud 01Christopher Stroud, English Language and Literature, National University of Singapore “African Mother-tongue Programmes and the Politics of Language: Linguistic Citizenship Versus Linguistic”, Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, 2001, http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/01434630108666440
This statement is far from novel [...] .f. Othman, unpublished).
There has been no political incentive to support language revivals because the destruction of language is considered cultural genocide, which is not considered to be a ‘real’ genocide under law
Nersessian 05 David Nersessian, “Rethinking Cultural Genocide Under International Law”, Human Rights Dialouge, Carnegie Council, 2005, http://www.carnegiecouncil.org/resources/publications/dialogue/2_12/section_1/5139.html
“Genocide” is an amalgam [...] Perhaps a message better left unsent.
The concepts of cultural and physical genocide are impossible to separate; both include social death which is the most catastrophic impact in the round.
Card 02 Claudia Card, “Genocide and Social Death”, Hypatia, 2002, http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/hypatia/v018/18.1card02.html
This essay develops the hypothesis that [...] view, however, is controversial.
These impacts are not hypothetical- This is exactly what happened in Libya under Kadafi’s regime. We need a new way to understand multicultural citizenship or more ethnic conflict will break out leading to physical death and genocide.
Daragahi 11 Borzou Daragahi, “Joint fight with Arabs against Kadafi spurs Berber hopes of equality in Libya”
Los Angeles Times, 2011, http://articles.latimes.com/2011/jul/16/world/la-fg-libya-berbers-20110717
Before the Libyan uprising this year [...] everyone that we can live together."
Plan Text: the United States Federal Government should embrace the notion of linguistic citizenship for Amazigh population in Libya.
Our promotion of linguistic citizenship is a discursive shift from how we currently view linguistic rights. This allows us to incorporate language into political discourse and understand cultural difference as grounds for political struggle.
Stroud 01Christopher Stroud, English Language and Literature, National University of Singapore “African Mother-tongue Programmes and the Politics of Language: Linguistic Citizenship Versus Linguistic”, Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, 2001, http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/01434630108666440
In a sense, what we [...] (Weeks, 1997: 4)
Linguistic citizenship allows linguistic minorities to be represented in democratic systems. This is the only way to promote effective democracy and prevent cultural conflicts.
Stroud 01Christopher Stroud, English Language and Literature, National University of Singapore “African Mother-tongue Programmes and the Politics of Language: Linguistic Citizenship Versus Linguistic”, Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, 2001, http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/01434630108666440
The problems that MT programmes are [...] essentialist understandings of language and identity.
Embracing linguistic citizenship includes assisting in drafting minority language protection legislation, funding NGO’s and schools that teach minority languages, and prioritizing cultural genocide.
Williams 02 Gerard M. Willems, University of Professional Education of Arnhem and Nijmegen, “Language Teacher Education Policy Promoting Linguistic diversity and Intercultural communication Language policy division, http://www.coe.int/t/dg4/linguistic/Source/WillemsENG.pdf
Plurilingualism has been identified in numerous [...] of describing concrete measures for implementation.




Negative

Neolib K
Arab Spring revolutions have opened up the possibility for a post neoliberal world order, however intervention by the US will change the tide of the revolts and prop up neoliberalism
Amin 11 Samir Amin, Egypt-born political author who is best known for his Neo-Marxist writings in development theory “2011: An Arab Springtime?”, Monthly Review, August 2011, http://monthlyreview.org/commentary/2011-an-arab-springtime
Revolts, potentially pregnant with revolutionary advances, ... perspective of generalized barbarism.
US intervention will create new regimes of neoliberalism. Which creates the kill to save mentality—ensuring the genocidal destruction of humanity
Santos 03 Boaventura de Sousa Santos, Collective Suicide?,Issue #63, April 2003, Bad Subjects.com http://bad.eserver.org/issues/2003/63/santos.html/view?searchterm=Santos,
According to Franz Hinkelammert, ... thousands of innocent civilians.
Alternative: Reject the affirmative by refusing to participate in the acceptance of institutions we can only affirm globalization from below by disengaging from institutions—this is an ontological imperative
Choi, Murphy, and Caro 4 [Jung Min, John W, Manuel J, Professor of Sociology SDSU, Professor of Sociology University of Miami, Professor of Sociology Barry University, Globalization with a Human Face, pg. 6-9.]
Many critics have begun ... why not pursue alternative visions?

European Union Counterplan

EU solves best – they have the money, access to markets, and regional influence to solve better than the US
Catherine Ashton, “What Next in North Africa?” INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, 3—19—11, LN.
I shall set out what the European Union can do, ... which we must seize, to plan for peace.//

EU must be involved – can support democratic infrastructure
Daniel Korski, senior policy fellow, European Council on Foreign Relations, “The Bahraini Challenge,” THE SPECTATOR, 2—20—11, www.spectator.co.uk/coffeehouse/6717103/the-bahraini-challenge.thtml, accessed 8-11-11.
The debacle in Bahrain ... governments across the region.


China DA